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Bite Marks Precis (1990s)

Courtesy of Dr Iain Pretty who has hard copy available and may be contacted at
Whittaker DK, (1990)
Principles of forensic dentistry: 2. Non-accidental injury, bitemarks and archaeology.
Dental Update; 17(9):386-90
The paper reviews the role of the forensic dentist with respect to non-accidental injury to children, analysis of bite marks, and archaeological investigations. Another review on this subject.
West MH, Barsley RE., (1990)
First bite mark convictions in Mississippi.
Mississippi D Ass J; 46(4):7, 11-2
Case reports of bitemark cases in this State.
West MH, Barsley RE, Frair J, Seal MD., (1990)
The use of human skin in the fabrication of a bite mark template: two case reports.
J Forensic Sci; 35(6):1477-85
In this article skin was used as a template for the reproduction of a bite. In one case the victim's skin was used; in the other, the skin of a anatomically similar person was used. The use of inked dental casts, photography, and transparent overlays significantly reduced the errors common to analysis of bite marks in these highly curved areas. Novel technique although not well accepted.
Pierce LJ, Strickland DJ, Smith ES, (1990)
The case of Ohio v. Robinson. An 1870 bite mark case.
Am J Forensic Med Pathol; 11(2):171-7
This trial represents an early and perhaps the first attempt to admit bite-mark evidence in a court of law in the United States. First case - historical value only.
Barsley RE, West MH, Fair JA., (1990)
Forensic photography. Ultraviolet imaging of wounds on skin.
Am J Forensic Med Pathol; 11(4):300-8
This article discusses the photographic techniques involved in reflective and fluorescent UVL. Documentation of skin wounds via still photography and dynamic video photographic techniques, which utilise various methods of UV illumination, are covered. The use of advanced photographic techniques has been questioned in courts.
Dailey JC., (1991)
A practical technique for the fabrication of transparent bite mark overlays.
J Forensic Sci; 36(2):565-70
A quick, inexpensive, and accurate technique for generating transparent overlays, using office photocopy machines, for use in bite mark case analysis is presented. Photocopy technique was the 1st attempt to produce an objective overlay with precision.
Robinson E, Wentzel J., (1992)
Toneline bite mark photography.
J Forensic Sci; 37(1):195-207
A high-contrast film technique previously used primarily in the graphic arts field has been refined and applied to forensic odontology.
Mailis NP., (1993)
Bitemarks in forensic dental practice: the Russian experience.
J Forensic Odont; 11(1):31-3
Cases from Russia are described.
Figgener L., (1993)
Points of contact between quality issues and forensic aspects.
J Forensic Odont; 11(2):71-5
Issues related to jurisprudence.
Ligthelm AJ, van Niekerk PJ, (1994)
Comparative review of bitemark cases from Pretoria, South Africa.
J Forensic Odont; 12(2):23-9
The purpose of this study was to record the experiences with bitemark cases presented to forensic odontologists at the University of Pretoria from 83-93 and to compare them with trends and findings elsewhere. Some details on anatomical locations may be useful.
Wood RE, Miller PA, Blenkinsop BR., (1994)
Image editing and computer assisted bitemark analysis: a case report.
J Forensic Odont; 12(2):30-6
Three different approaches for comparison with the bitemark photograph were utilized: comparison with radiographs of amalgam-filled impressions of dental casts, a transparent overlay technique and comparison with photographs of a simulated bitemark inked onto the hand of a volunteer.
Thompson IO, Phillips VM., (1994)
A bitemark case with a twist.
J Forensic Odont; 12(2):37-40
This is a case report in which the bite patterns of two suspects were compared to a bitemark on the breast of a murder victim. Each suspect had sufficient concordant features to have been found guilty of producing the bitemark. The irony in this case is that the bitemark was not inflicted by the murderer.
Aboshi H, Taylor JA, Takei T, Brown KA., (1994)
Comparison of bitemarks in foodstuffs by computer imaging: a case report.
J Forensic Odont; 12(2):41-4
Marks in cake discovered at a crime scene were examined and compared with the teeth of a suspect arsonist. The comparison was made by computer imaging analysis and a remarkable similarity in arch shape was observed.
Jessee SA, (1994)
Recognition of bite marks in child abuse cases.
Paediatric Dentistry; 16(5):336-9
Health professionals must be attentive to any and all signs of child maltreatment. Bite marks are one of several visual expressions of active child abuse. Another paper describing this important issue.
Barry LA, (1994)
Bite mark evidence collection in the United States.
Bull Hist Dent; 42(1):21-7
A legal historical review. Better reviews exist, see above.
Nuckles DB, Herschaft EE, Whatmough LN., (1994)
Forensic odontology in solving crimes: dental techniques and bite-mark evidence.
General Dentistry. 42(3):210-4
This article is misplaced and can be found after the 95 Rothwell review. Usual review of technique and legal issues.
Nambiar P, Bridges TE, Brown KA., (1995)
Quantitative forensic evaluation of bite marks with the aid of a shape analysis computer program: Part 1; The development of "SCIP" and the similarity index.
J Forensic Odont; 13(2):18-25
In this study, an interactive shape analysis computer program ("SCIP"-Shape Comparison Interactive Program) has been employed in an attempt to derive experimentally a quantitative comparison, in the form of a Similarity Index (S.I.), between the "offender's" teeth and the bite marks produced on a standard flat wax form.
Nambiar P, Bridges TE, Brown KA., (1995)
Quantitative forensic evaluation of bite marks with the aid of a shape analysis computer program: Part 2; "SCIP" and bite marks in skin and foodstuffs.
J Forensic Odont; 13(2):26-32
In this study, "SCIP" was employed in an attempt to quantify the comparison, in the form of the Similarity Index (S.I.), between the "offender's" teeth and the bite marks produced on foodstuffs and on human skin, under experimental conditions.
Free EW, Brown KA., (1995)
A bitemark and a fracture?
J Forensic Odont; 13(2):33-5
Case presents an interesting problem of interpretation of odontological evidence relevant to the identification of the offender, and raises issues concerning proper procedures for the utilisation of expertise in forensic odontology. First case in Dutch law.
Jakobsen J, Holmen L, Fredebo L, Sejrsen B., (1995)
Scanning electron microscopy, a useful tool in forensic dental work.
J Forensic Odont; (13)2:36-40
Another description of the use of SEM in bitemarks, presents four example cases.
Rothwell BR., (1995)
Bite marks in forensic dentistry: a review of legal, scientific issues.
JADA; 126(2):223-32
This article explores the legal and scientific basis of bite mark evidence.
Naru AS, Dykes E., (1996)
The use of a digital imaging technique to aid bite mark analysis.
Science & Justice. 36(1):47-50
Describes th e use of a computer based overlay technique and uses a case example to illustrate the method.
Vale GL., (1996)
Dentistry, bite marks and the investigation of crime.
J Cal Dent Assoc; 24(5):29-34
Another review of the bitemark science - includes case examples
Aksu MN, Gobetti JP., (1996)
The past and present legal weight of bite marks as evidence.
Am J Forensic Med Pathol; 17(2):136-40
Legal review. This paper was followed by a letter from Ann Norrlander who criticised many of the points. Better legal reviews available.
Naru AS, Dykes E., (1997)
Digital image cross-correlation technique for bite mark investigations.
Science & Justice; 37(4):251-8
Describes the production of a complex computer program for assessing bitemarks. Describes a series of experiments to validate the system.
Williams RG, Porter BE., (1997)
Forensic dentistry. Documentation of bite-mark evidence using multiple computer-assisted techniques.
J Oklahoma Dent Assoc; 88(2):29-30
Describes a computer technique - however describes using a pencil to highlight the incisal edges prior to scanning - subjective?
Sweet D, Parhar M, Wood RE., (1998)
Computer-based production of bite mark comparison overlays.
J Forensic Sci; 43(5):1050-5
This paper describes this technique to enable the odontologist to produce high-quality, accurate comparison overlays without subjective input.
Wright FD., (1998)
Photography in bite mark and patterned injury documentation. Part 2: A case study.
J Forensic Sci; 43(4):881-7
The evidence recovered at each photography session is discussed and photographs are presented for review. Suggestions concerning the need for more research are presented.
Sweet D, Bowers CM., (1998)
Accuracy of bite mark overlays: a comparison of five common methods to produce exemplars from a suspect's dentition.
J Forensic Sci; 43(2):362-7
Five common overlay production methods were compared using digital images of dental study casts as a reference standard.
Atkinson SA., (1998)
A qualitative and quantitative survey of forensic odontologists in England and Wales, 1994.
Med, Sci & Law; 38(1):34-41
Forty forensic odontologists in England and Wales, as listed for the British Association for Forensic Odontology in Spring 94, were surveyed by post. Interesting paper with some useful statistics.
Whittaker DK, Brickley MR, Evans L., (1998)
A comparison of the ability of experts and non-experts to differentiate between adult and child human bite marks using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis EMP
Forensic Sci Int; 92(1):11-20
Fifty colour prints of human bite marks were sent to 109 observers who were asked to decide using a six point rating scale, whether the marks had been produced by the teeth of an adult or a child. Interesting results found.